Replacement Theology

Replacement theology (also known as the corpus, or displacement)  views the church as a replacement of  Israel in God’s plan, displacing the Jewish people as no longer God’s chosen people.  The relationship between the church and Israel is destroyed as the church replaces

Israel (replacement theology). In this view, the church is an expansion of Israel through a covenant theological construct. For example.  


1. Covenant theology sees the plans or purposes of God moving through sequential stages of God’s kingdom on earth, progressively, moving away from Israel in a framework of previous covenants, i.e.,( the New Covenant overwrites entirely any vestiges of the Old Covenant. This often includes the Ten Commandments, Moedim ( Feasts), Abrahamic covenant.

   For Instance:

   a. God began with Adam to reveal His sovereignty, kingship, and His role in humanity,

      this for the destiny He had planned for the earth (Genesis. 1–3).

   b. God then carried His principles forward in the Noach covenant (Genesis. 6, 9). Although

       Rainbow remains in the sky as a reminder of this covenant. 

   c. Gods plan progressed through the Abrahamic covenant by promising that Abraham’s descendants

       would become great people and nation and spread God’s blessings to all other nations (Genesis 15,17), which will be realized and fulfilled in the New Covenant upon Yeshua's first advent.

   d. Building on these covenants, Israel was blessed  with His law (Torah) in the days of

       Moses, when God gave to Israel on Sinai the Law on the tablets of stone.  (Exodus. 19–

       24), but will be displaced by the New Covenant age. 

   c. Where covenant succession breaks, is upon both, Israel's rejection of Yeshua, and the

       ratification of the New Covenant), this displaces previous covenants as The Mosaic

       Law, the Abrahamic Covenant) while the Church and the New Covenant Christian

       replaces the Jew and the Church, Israel. Covenant Christian displaces the Jew and

       Israel. This is also in opposition to a "dual covenant theology perspective that views the

       Mosaic Law as still valid for Jewish people.  

  Replacement theology upholds that all previous covenants were taken to new heights as God

 established David’s dynasty promising that one of his sons would rule in righteousness over Israel and the entire world (Psalms. 72; 89; 132). All Old Testament covenants were then enlarged and fulfilled in Christ (Jeremiah. 31:312Corinthians. 1:19–20).  Since all the covenants find their fulfillment in the above, and the New Testament church, or New Covenant, replaces Israel, including the many promises made to Israel in the Bible, they are now fulfilled in the Christian church rather than a future fulfillment awaiting Israel.


a. All prophecies in Scripture concerning the blessing and restoration of Israel to the Promised Land are spiritualized or allegorized into promises of God’s blessing for the church.


 b. The necessity for the continuing existence of the Jewish people ceases, including the modern state of Israel, giving rise to usurpation by the Gentile church of what is rightfully and wholly belonging to Israel and the Jewish people. But it should be noted, any such usurpation, other than the Gentile now a sharer in the commonwealth of Israel (Ephesians 2), is the replacement, or displacement in principle, which is not found in the Scriptures.

       *If we replace the Jewish people from their distinctive calling, it becomes tough to explain their

         supernaturally sustained survival these past 1900 years.  How could we

        even attempt to explain their return to the land as a nation in the last century except

        that it is the fulfillment of specific Biblical prophecies?  After a 1900 year absence, the

        people God calls Israel occupy the promised land once again.



Replacement theology requires that the former covenants before the New Covenant are all fulfilled in Jesus--Yeshua. Rather than each covenant seen as a pillar articulating the corpus of God's plan (one covenant giving deference to the former), they are broken, thereby weakening the entire chain.  


 1Once the distinction between ‘Israel’ and the ‘church’ was not as pronounced as it is today. Historically the meaning of ‘church’ was ‘a fellowship of believers’ {ekklesia} without ethnic or national distinctions. Conceptually, in worship, Jew and Gentile believers in Jesus are one.

     However, after the destruction of the Temple in 70A.D, believers were left without the Temple as a guide for worship. {Note: all Temple worship celebrations were an important part of the Judean’s belief and worship systems and simultaneously included all Messianic fellowships which embraced Jesus as the risen Messiah}. The structure and forms for their worship gatherings were left to the local assemblies as they carried-on without the Temple. Gentiles overtime began to call the worship institutions they created and the places they met in as ‘the church.’ 

    Following the slow partitioning between Jew and Messianic Gentiles in the years following the destruction of the Temple, new and variant interpretations of who was the church (Gentile led) and who was Israel created a non-biblical understanding of what their roles were in prophecy.  Those Jews and Gentiles that believed in Jesus as the Messiah comprised the ‘church,’ as described in the New Testament writings. But the prophetic calling and destiny of God’s people Israel remain intact and distinct even while they are a part of the ‘church’ or ‘fellowship of believers.’  The term ‘church’ is used out of biblical context today as a term that separates believers in Jesus from the Jews.   (Ephesians 1:9–11; 1 Thessalonians 4:13–17).


2. The Gentiles have no relationship or relevance regarding the curses and blessings over Israel.


3. Although through-out history, many Jewish people (Israel) have been blinded in part (Romans 11:33-36) God’s program during these past 2,000 years of dispersion, Jewish people have always been coming to faith in their Messiah ever since Messiah's first advent (see Romans 11:11).



Replacement, Displacement, and Supersessionism, all replace Gods enduring covenant with Israel with the New Testament church, and the Jew with the New Testament Christian. 

They up-seat the Jewish people placing all the blessing of God that were given to the Jew by re-assigning them to the Gentiles. The curses however remain upon the shoulders of the Jewish people.





Metro Jewish Resources

PO Box 3777

Wayne, NJ


Cell: 973-461-9786

Office: 609-747-7878


Thanks for submitting! 

Created by Metro Jewish Resources, 2019 copyright